Morgan County is named after General Daniel Morgan, a Revolutionary War hero, and was established in 1817. The county was formed from territory appropriated from Roane County and is located west of Knoxville. Originally, Montgomery served as the county seat but during Reconstruction the county’s seat of government was moved to Wartburg.
With the opening of the Cincinnati Southern Railroad in 1880, Morgan County’s extractive industries like coal mining and lumber continued to flourished, taking a prominent role in the county’s economy. In contrast, the region’s rough topography and inadequate river transportation limited agricultural production to subsistence farming on small plots of fertile land. For more information on the history of Morgan County, please go to the Tennessee Encyclopedia of History & Culture website.